Latest OOPs Interview Questions and Answers

Read Top OOPs Interview Questions and Answers Experienced, Freshers for Job Interview Quiz with Solutions.

What is OOPS?

OOPS is abbreviated as Object Oriented Programming system in which programs are considered as a collection of objects. Each object is nothing but an instance of a class.

Write basic concepts of OOPS?

Following are the concepts of OOPS and are as follows:.

  1. Abstraction.

  2. Encapsulation.

  3. Inheritance.

  4. Polymorphism.

What is a class?

A class is simply a representation of a type of object. It is the blueprint/ plan/ template that describe the details of an object.

What is an object?

Object is termed as an instance of a class, and it has its own state, behavior and identity.

What is Encapsulation?

Encapsulation is an attribute of an object, and it contains all data which is hidden. That hidden data can be restricted to the members of that class.

Levels are Public,Protected, Private, Internal and Protected Internal.

What is Polymorphism?

Polymorphism is nothing but assigning behavior or value in a subclass to something that was already declared in the main class. Simply, polymorphism takes more than one form.

What is Inheritance?

Inheritance is a concept where one class shares the structure and behavior defined in another class. If inheritance applied on one class is called Single Inheritance, and if it depends on multiple classes, then it is called multiple Inheritance.

What are manipulators?

Manipulators are the functions which can be used in conjunction with the insertion (<<) and extraction (>>) operators on an object. Examples are endl and setw.

Define a constructor?

Constructor is a method used to initialize the state of an object, and it gets invoked at the time of object creation. Rules for constructor are:.

  • Constructor Name should be same asclass name.

  • Constructor must have no return type.

Define Destructor?

Destructor is a method which is automatically called when the object is made of scope or destroyed. Destructor name is also same as class name but with the tilde symbol before the name.

What is Inline function?

Inline function is a technique used by the compilers and instructs to insert complete body of the function wherever that function is used in the program source code.

What is a virtual function?

Virtual function is a member function of class and its functionality can be overridden in its derived class. This function can be implemented by using a keyword called virtual, and it can be given during function declaration.

Virtual function can be achieved in C++, and it can be achieved in C Language by using function pointers or pointers to function.

What is friend function?

Friend function is a friend of a class that is allowed to access to Public, private or protected data in that same class. If the function is defined outside the class cannot access such information.

Friend can be declared anywhere in the class declaration, and it cannot be affected by access control keywords like private, public or protected.

What is function overloading?

Function overloading is defined as a normal function, but it has the ability to perform different tasks. It allows creation of several methods with the same name which differ from each other by type of input and output of the function.


void add(int& a, int& b);

void add(double& a, double& b);

void add(struct bob& a, struct bob& b);

What is operator overloading?

Operator overloading is a function where different operators are applied and depends on the arguments. Operator,-,* can be used to pass through the function , and it has their own precedence to execute.


class complex {
double real,
imag; public: complex(double r, double i) : real(r),
imag(i) {} complex operator+(complex a, complex b);
complex operator*(complex a, complex b);
complex& operator=(complex a, complex b);

a=1.2, b=6


What is an abstract class?

An abstract class is a class which cannot be instantiated. Creation of an object is not possible with abstract class , but it can be inherited. An abstract class can contain only Abstract method. Java allows only abstract method in abstract class while for other language it allows non-abstract method as well.

What is a ternary operator?

Ternary operator is said to be an operator which takes three arguments. Arguments and results are of different data types , and it is depends on the function. Ternary operator is also called as conditional operator.

What is the use of finalize method?

Finalize method helps to perform cleanup operations on the resources which are not currently used. Finalize method is protected , and it is accessible only through this class or by a derived class.


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