Latest SAP FICO Interview Questions and Answers
What is the purpose of “Document type” in SAP?
The purpose of ” Document type” in SAP is
a) Number range for documents are defined by it
b) Types of accounts that can be posted are controlled by it, e.g Assets, Vendor, Customer, Normal GL account
c) It is used for the reversal of entries
Is business area at company code level?
No. Business area is at client level which means other company codes can also be posted to the same business area.
In SAP, Customer and Vendor code are stored at what level?
The Vendor and Customer codes are stored at the client level. It means that by extending the company code view any company code can use the customer and vendor code.
How are tolerances for invoice verification defined?
Tolerance determines whether the payable places matching or tax hold on the invoice. The following are the instances of tolerance can be defined for Logistic Invoice Verification.
a) Small differences
b) Moving average price variances
c) Quantity variances
d) Price variances
What is a country Chart of Accounts?
Country Chart of Accounts contains G/L (General Ledger) accounts needed to meet the country’s legal requirements.
What is APP in SAP Fico?
APP stands for ‘Automatic Payment Program’; it is a tool provided by SAP to companies to pay its vendors and customers. APP tools help to avoid any mistakes taken place in posting manually. Also, when number of employees is more in the company, payment through APP becomes more feasible.
In SAP FICO what are the terms of payment and where are they stored?
Payment terms are created in the configuration and determine the payment due date for vendor/customer invoice.
They are stored on the customer or vendor master record and are pulled through onto the customer/vendor invoice postings. The due date can be changed on each individual invoice if required.
What are one-time vendors?
In certain companies, especially the one dealing with high cash transactions, it is not practical to create new master records for every vendor trading partner. One time vendors allows a dummy vendor code to be used on invoice entry and also the information which is usually stored in the vendor master.
What are the standard stages of the SAP payment run?
The following steps are the standard stages of the SAP payment run
a) Entering of parameters ( Vendor Accounts, Company Codes, Payment Methods)
b) Proposal Scheduling – the system proposes the list of invoice paid
c) Payment booking- the booking of the actual payments in the ledger
d) Printing of payment forms ,example cheques
In Accounts Receivable, what is the difference between the ‘Residual Payment’ and ‘Part Payment’ methods of allocating cash?
‘Residual payment’ and ‘Part payment’ are the two methods for allocating partial methods from customers. For example, an invoice for $100 is generated, customer has paid $70. Now this $70 will be off-set and leaving the remaining balance $30. With residual payment, the invoice is cleared for the full value of $100 and a new invoice is generated for the remaining balances $30.
What is “dunning” in SAP?
‘Dunning’ is the process by which payment chasing letters are issued to customers. SAP can determine which customers should receive the letters and for which overdue items. Different letters can be printed in SAP depending on the overdue payment date, with a simple reminder. With the help of dunning level on the customer master, we can know which letter has been issued to the customer.
What is the purpose of the account type field in the GL (General Ledger) master record?
At the end of the year, profit and loss accounts are cleared down to the retained earnings balance sheets account. The field contains an indicator which is linked to a specific GL (General Ledger) accounts to use in this clear down.
Explain what is recurring entries and why are they used?
Recurring entries can eliminate the need for the manual posting of accounting documents which do not change from month to month. For example, an expense document can be generated which can be scheduled for the last days of each month or whenever an individual wants it. Usually multiple recurring entries are created at one go and then processed all together as a batch month end using transaction.
What is a ‘Value Field’ in the CO-PA module?
Value fields are number or value related fields in profitability analysis such as quantity, sales revenue, discount value etc.
What are the statistical internal orders?
Statistical internal orders are dummy cost objects used for reporting and analysis purposes. It must be posted to in conjunction with a real object such as a cost center.
For what purposes internal orders can be used?
You can use internal orders for
a) Overhead Orders: It monitors internal jobs settled to cost centres
b) Investment Orders: It monitors internal jobs settled to fixed assets
c) Accrual Orders: Offsetting posting of accrued costs calculated in CO
d) Orders with Revenue: It display the cost controlling parts of Sales and Distribution, it does not affect the core business of the company