TOP SAP SD Interview Questions and Answers
What is SAP SD? What are the primary functions of Sales and Distribution?
SAP SD handles all the processes of order to delivery. It executes the business processes used in selling, shipping and billing of product and services.
• Inquiries & Quotes
• Sales Orders
• Sales Return
• Contract & Scheduling Agreements
• Credit & Debit Memo requests
• Rush Orders & Cash Sales
• Back Orders
What is the organizational structure in sales and distribution?
The organizational structure in sales and distribution is
• Sales Organization
• Distribution Channel
• Sales Office
• Sales Group
Explain what is the difference between milestone and periodic billing?
• Periodic: Full amount in each bill till contract period
• Milestone: Partial amount in each bill till full amount is billed
Explain how shipping point is determined?
Shipping point is determined by,
Shipping Conditions + Loading Group + Delivery Plant = Shipping Point
Explain how you can assign distribution channel to Sales Organization?
To assign distribution to sales organization in SAP, you have to follow the path
SPRO (SAP Project Reference Object) >IMG >Enterprise structure >Assignment > Sales and Distribution > Assign distribution channel to sales organization
Mention what are the Sales Document types in SAP? What is the configuration step to define sales document type in SAP SD?
The Sales Document types available in SAP are
• Credit Memo Request
• Debit Memo Request
• Standard Order
• Returns, etc.
Configuration steps for SAP SD
IMG Menu Path: SPRO > IMG > Sales and Distribution > Sales > Sales Documents > Sales Document Header > Define Sales Document Type
Explain what is condition types? What is the path to define condition type in SAP for pricing?
The representation of certain aspects related to your daily pricing activities is referred as condition types.
The path for condition type for pricing is
SAP IMG path: SPRO > SAP Reference IMG > Sales and Distribution > Basic Functions > Pricing > Pricing Control > Define Condition Types
Mention what is the Reversal PGI? Can you cancel the PGI and mention the transaction code for PGI?
PGI or Post Good Issue is done to keep a record of available goods in stock after the goods are delivered. Good issue transaction cannot be cancelled but can be reversed.
The transaction t-code for reverse PGI is VL09. Partial quantity reversal is not possible, in the delivery document you cannot reverse the PGI for one item/ partial quantity.
Explain what is the difference between SAP credit memo request and SAP Credit Memo?
SAP Credit Memo (T-code VF01) is created on the basis of credit memo request (T-code: Va01). Credit memo request is generated when you have to pay to the customer. (Excess bill or damages or change in the price).
When would you use a SAP Return Order and SAP Credit Memo?
SAP Return Order is carried out when customer returns any previously purchased products and requires a credit or money back. While credit memo is when the customer is credited without returning any goods.